Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that cultivate inside or upper side of one (or both) ovaries. A cyst is a common term used to define a fluid-filled structure.

Ovarian cysts are generally asymptomatic, but and pain in the abdomen or pelvis is commonly noticed.

What are the Ovaries?

The Ovaries are located in pelvis and are the reproductive organs in women. Each ovary is about the size of walnut and found on each side of uterus.

What is Ovaries Do?

The Ovaries produces female hormones estrogen and progesterone and the eggs and also control sexual development including breasts, body shape, and body hair.

They also control the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Pain with sexual interaction, mainly with deep penetration
  • Inferior Abdominal or pelvic pain. This may be spasmodic, or can be sudden, and sharp
  • Irregular periods
  • Pain or pressure with urination or bowel movement
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • vaginal pain or dotted bleeding from the vagina
  • Infertility
  • Feeling pressure to have a bowel movement
  • Abdominal tenderness and distension
  • Heart Burn and Indigestion
  • Fainting, Dizziness and weakness


Treatment of Ovarian Cysts:

Treatment will depend on:

  • the person’s age and they have go through Menopause or not
  • the size and appearance of the cyst
  • whether there are any symptoms
  • sometimes watching waiting recommended  when ovary is small 2 to 5 centimeters and women has not yet go through menopausal age
  • Surgery
  • Biopsy; if cyst may become cancerous

Prevention & Control:

There is no way to avoid or stop ovarian cyst growth.

But, regular and proper pelvic checkups will allow for early treatment if required. This can often prevent complications.