It’s winter again and that means colds… in fact adults average two to three a year you may even know someone that has a cold right now so please like & share this article so it can help them feel better.

Viral Infection

A cold is a mild viral infection of the nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways. It’s very common and usually clears up on its own within a week or two.

Adults have an average of two to three colds a year. Children have an average of five to six colds a year. Young children in nursery schools may average up to twelve colds per year.

The main symptoms of a cold include:

  • Sore throat
  • Blocked or runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Cough

More severe symptoms, including a high temperature (fever), headache and aching muscles can also occur, although these tend to be associated more with flu.

The common cold is a mild viral infection of the Nose, Throat, Sinuses and upper airways the main symptoms include sore throat, blocked or runny nose a slight temperature, coughing and sneezing.

It usually goes on its own within a week or two the bad news is there’s no cure for a cold so definitely don’t go to your Doctor for antibiotics because they’re not going to work but the good news is, it is self-limiting so it will go on its own with plenty of rest, fluids and eating healthy but here are some options that we recommend to help you feel better for sore throats.


There’s no cure for a cold, but you can look after yourself at home by,

  • Resting, drinking plenty of fluids and eating healthily.
  • Taking over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to help with headaches, temperatures and even sore throats.
  • Using decongestant sprays to relieve a blocked nose.
  • Trying remedies such as gargling salt water to help with a sore throat (not suitable for children).

Many painkillers, decongestants and other medicines are available from pharmacies without a prescription. When buying any medicine please always run it by your pharmacist so you they can make sure these medicines are ok for you to take.

We always recommend gargling warm salty water It’s really effective at soothing the throat and it also helps reduce inflammation It’s reasonably inexpensive and everyone can do it at home.

Not Suitable for Children

Just dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in a glass part-cooled boiled water and gargle, it’s important not to swallow the salt water so it may not be suitable for children for headaches temperatures and even sore throats you can take over the counter painkillers like paracetamol and ibuprofen and these can both be taken together lastly for adults with a blocked nose decongestant nasal sprays are effective but remember if you use it for more than three consecutive days it can cause something called “rebound congestion”.

That means your blocked nose will basically get worse when buying any medicines

Concern with Pharmacist

Please always run it by your pharmacist so they can make sure it’s ok for you to take hopefully you won’t need to see a doctor but here’s when you need to make an appointment when your symptoms persist for more than 3 weeks you have breathing difficulties your symptoms suddenly get worse you develop complications of a cold like chest pains or coughing blood stained mucus it may also be a good idea to speak to your doctor or specialist

if it concerns your baby an elderly person or someone with long-term medical conditions we highly recommended concern with your specialists.


  • You only really need to contact your GP if:
  • Your symptoms persist for more than three weeks.
  • Your symptoms get suddenly worse.
  • You have breathing difficulties.
  • You develop complications of a cold, such as chest pain or coughing up bloodstained mucus.

It might also be a good idea to speak to your Pharmacist or doctor if you’re concerned about your baby or an elderly person, or if you have a long-term illness such as a lung condition. You can also phone NHS 111 for advice.


You can take some simple steps to help prevent the spread of a cold. For example:

  • Use your own cup, plates, cutlery and kitchen utensils.
  • Don’t share towels or toys with someone who has a cold
  • Wash your hands regularly, particularly before touching your nose or mouth and before handling food.
  • Always sneeze and cough into tissues – this will help prevent the virus-containing droplets from your nose and mouth entering the air, where they can infect others; you should throw away used tissues immediately and wash your hands.
  • Clean surfaces regularly to keep them free of germs.